Smart city is a term that has attracted a strong scientific and business attention and has emerged rapidly, while its definition varies but they all seem to converge to urban innovation, which is mainly –but necessarily- based on ICT that enhances local life in terms of economy, mobility, environment, living, people and governance. Understanding the smart city context is not a simple procedure and different schools of thought appear to serve this domain: theorists who explore challenges, identify problems and design frameworks for smart city development; practitioners that evolve a novel dominant smart city market, which implements innovative ideas for enhancing urban living; governments, politicians and international organizations that strategically plan and evolve the smart city domain with respect to social and government issues in today and tomorrow cities.

A smart city consists of various components from a multi-dimension framework and contains several factors regarding economy, mobility, environment, living, people and governance. Although alternative frameworks appear, almost all agree on the above dimensions. This workshop aims to illustrate the theoretical context, the existing state and current issues and trends with regard to developments for future cities’ applications (web-based and Apps), which address smart service delivery and monitoring. Same types of applications for instance, aim to deliver different visions and ambitions, which come even from cities of the same country, while this issue is more challenging at supranational and international levels. Similar challenges are crucial for web-based end-to-end smart city applications too, which are being developed by different vendors. The above objectives will be strengthened and accompanied by innovative and forthcoming developments (i.e., standards, norms and policies for open, linked and big data) in smart city domain, mainly with regard to the World Wide Web (WWW) and corresponding emerging topics like Internet-of-Things (IoT) and Internet-of-Everything (IoE) within the urban space. In this order, theoretical concepts, empirical evidence and selected case studies from leading scholars and practitioners in the field showing the “big picture” of smart city applications will be examined in this workshop.

This workshop is timely since an increasing criticism is being generated that smart city represents an ambiguous urban utopia, which is supported by the partnership of local governments with big technological vendors. Smart cities cannot do without smart citizens and citizen centricity is crucial for this. The workshop should contribute to creating a clearer view of smart city reality, while innovative applications can strengthen the existence of opportunities for new entrants in the smart city market. Moreover, most standardization bodies evolve competitive standards for smart city components and to this end, this workshop is expected to highlight existing development and trends with regard to application development (web-based, apps and end-to-end).

This workshop aligns to most of WWW2018 conference’s topics, which indicatively concern crowdsourcing; health; intelligent and autonomous systems; user modelling, interaction and experience on the web; web and society; web economics, monetization and online markets; web of things; and mobile and ubiquitous computing.

Holding the experiences from past events AW4City 2015,  AW4City 2016 and AW4City 2017 and our capacity from other past events, we aim to attract researchers and make the event a central location where researchers working on the issues of smart cities and the WWW dynamics can meet. This workshop aims at gathering researchers from the fields of smart cities, Web-specific economic activities and Online Markets, Web Mining and Content Analysis, Crowdsourcing Systems and Social Media, Ubiquitous and Mobile Computing, Security and Privacy, Semantics and Knowledge, Web of Things, Mobile and Ubiquitous Computing and User Modeling, Interaction and Experience, and Web economics, monetization and online markets to think about the obstacles that hurdle the leveraging of understanding and capturing of smart city trends with regard the applications’ (web-based and Apps) design and development. We target researchers from industry, academia and government to join forces in this exciting area. We intend to discuss the recent and significant developments in the general areas of smart cities and the WWW dynamics and to promote cross-fertilization of techniques. In particular, we aim at identifying application standards in the smart city context; trends and respective applications (web-based applications and apps) in smart cities; the potential impact of smart city in WWW such as for future Internet that will enable researchers to understand the dynamic phenomena in smart cities and WWW, as well as specify important directions for the research communities. Standardizing applications in smart cities is interesting for several areas such as sustainability, crisis management, marketing, security and Web development.